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Issues-Centered Social Studies with a Human Face Introduction As a child of the Cold War, I think the conflict between liberal democratic and communist ideologies tells much of the unfinished story of the 20th century.
The issues I see as central here are: What was the importance and relevance of Marxism in the 20th century?
Why did it appeal to so many people? Why was the practical application of it resisted so fiercely by others? How did that application affect the Russian and Chinese peoples?
Was dictatorship necessary to establish and preserve these communist systems? Do the failures of the Russian and Chinese communist systems mean Marxist theory is flawed, or does it still have something to offer a world plagued by poverty and inequitable distribution of resources?
We need to broaden our discourse on comparative politico-economic systems and become able to critique our own and other societies, according to our preferred values.
Of course, in order to talk about this subject, working definitions of terms like capitalism, democracy, totalitarianism, fascism, anarchism, free trade, and command economy have to be agreed upon. Discussion participants should also note the bias in all writing on and discussion of this subject.
As in any dialogue, we should be as conscious as possible of our own biases, and make them explicit to others. The Communist Manifesto is a good introduction to the thinking of Karl Marx, who lived during the industrial revolution and experienced the social and political upheavals of Key Marxian terms like bourgeoisie, proletariat, and class struggle beg for definition, but the main thing is to understand that for Marx the mode of economic production is the foundation of any socio-political system.
Let the ruling class tremble at a communist revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win.
Working men of all countries, unite! Does force have to be used to separate wealthy owners from their property in order to put it under the control of the people or their leaders? What property should be communally controlled, if such a system is being considered? Questions like this lead us to the ethical or social values issue at the heart of this discussion: Do these rights inevitably conflict?
Included here is the question of who should make decisions about the use of resources. What are some likely effects of the major alternatives? Is it right for individuals to own large quantities of land, or should resources like that be held in trust for the group as a whole?
What about privatization of the commons another term to be defined? What reward should people have for their work? Should specialized intellectual workers receive more than manual laborers?
Can too much individualism destroy the group? Unfortunately, he was quite vague about how it would happen. In addition, both of these regimes needed to modernize and industrialize rapidly in order to be economically and politically viable as modern states.
Issues of the needs of the state and the needs and rights of the individual and local group come into play here.Marxism, a body of doctrine developed by Karl Marx and, to a lesser extent, by Friedrich Engels in the midth century.
It originally consisted of three related ideas: a philosophical anthropology, a theory of history, and an economic and political pfmlures.com is also Marxism as it has been understood and practiced by the . Third, the social, economic conditions within which Marx formulated his thought radically changed throughout the century.
Marx developed his theories based upon the critique and analysis of capitalism as it existed in Europe during the first half of nineteenth century. Capitalism, however, radically changed its form over the century.
Communism vs. Capitalism: Issues-Centered Social Studies with a Human Face Introduction As a child of the Cold War, I think the conflict between liberal democratic and communist ideologies tells much of the unfinished story of the 20th century.
The so-called “triumph” of capitalism, which has now become global in a particularly hegemonic way – though. II. Modern Capitalism Has Many New Features A.
Importance of Capital Goods and Technology B. Specialization 1) Complexity limits product lines. 2) Division of Labor allows specialization by ability, training.
An exploration of the nature and history of capitalism. Global capitalism, colonies and Third-World economic realities.
I. I decided to read Red Plenty because my biggest gripe after reading Singer’s book on Marx was that Marx refused to plan how communism would actually work, instead preferring to leave the entire matter for the World-Spirit to sort out.
But almost everything that interests me about Communism falls under the category of “how communism .